FAQ: The Big House My Family Once Enslaved People. What Do I Do About That?

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How did enslaved people maintain a sense of family?

To sustain a sense of family identity, slaves often named their children after parents, grandparents, recently deceased relatives, and other kin. Slaves passed down family names to their children, usually the name of an ancestor’s owner rather than their current owner’s.

What was the big house on a plantation called?

The planter’s residence, often called the ” Big House ” by slaves, was the most prominent building by virtue of its size and position and occasionally was adorned with stylish architectural features. The columned portico, even today, remains the prime icon of plantation identity.

What was the big house slaves?

The Big House was the domain of the domestic slaves who performed several duties such as cleaning, serving food and drinks, fanning the masters while they eat, toting water from ponds and outdoors cisterns or even from the river for domestic needs, washing and ironing clothes, taking care of all the needs of the

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Where do house slaves sleep?

Slaves on small farms often slept in the kitchen or an outbuilding, and sometimes in small cabins near the farmer’s house. On larger plantations where there were many slaves, they usually lived in small cabins in a slave quarter, far from the master’s house but under the watchful eye of an overseer.

What were slaves not allowed to do?

There were numerous restrictions to enforce social control: slaves could not be away from their owner’s premises without permission; they could not assemble unless a white person was present; they could not own firearms; they could not be taught to read or write, nor could they transmit or possess “inflammatory”

How did enslaved people build communities?

The social ingenuity of slaves made work an exercise in community building. Under an exacting system of labor that kept them under the scrutiny of slaveholders from sunup to sundown, slaves managed to forge communities of house servants and field laborers.

Who was the richest plantation owner?

He was born and studied medicine in Pennsylvania, but moved to Natchez District, Mississippi Territory in 1808 and became the wealthiest cotton planter and the second-largest slave owner in the United States with over 2,200 slaves.

Stephen Duncan
Education Dickinson College
Occupation Plantation owner, banker

Which plantation had the most slaves?

2,278 plantations (5%) had 100-500 slaves. 13 plantations had 500-1000 slaves. 1 plantation had over 1000 slaves (a South Carolina rice plantation ). Plantation.

4.5 million people of African descent lived in the United States.
Of these: 3.6 million lived on farms and plantations (half in the Deep South).
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How long did slaves live?

As a result of this high infant and childhood death rate, the average life expectancy of a slave at birth was just 21 or 22 years, compared to 40 to 43 years for antebellum whites. Compared to whites, relatively few slaves lived into old age.

What did House slaves wear?

The majority of slaves probably wore plain unblackened sturdy leather shoes without buckles. Female slaves also wore jackets or waistcoats that consisted of a short fitted bodice that closed in the front.

What did House slaves eat?

Weekly food rations — usually corn meal, lard, some meat, molasses, peas, greens, and flour — were distributed every Saturday. Vegetable patches or gardens, if permitted by the owner, supplied fresh produce to add to the rations. Morning meals were prepared and consumed at daybreak in the slaves ‘ cabins.

What did the slaves eat on the ship?

At best, captives were fed beans, corn, yams, rice, and palm oil. Slaves were fed one meal a day with water, if at all. When food was scarce, slaveholders would get priority over the slaves.

How much did slaves get paid?

Wages varied across time and place but self-hire slaves could command between $100 a year (for unskilled labour in the early 19th century) to as much as $500 (for skilled work in the Lower South in the late 1850s).

What age did slaves start working?

At the age of sixteen, enslaved boys and girls were considered full-fledged workers, tasked as farm laborers or forced into trades.

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What did the house slaves do?

A house slave was a slave who worked, and often lived, in the house of the slave -owner, performing domestic labor. House slaves had many duties such as cooking, cleaning, being used as a sexual slave, serving meals, and caring for children.

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