Readers ask: How Big Was A Medieval Family Farm?


How large was the average medieval farm?

The typical farm has about 4 households per “hide” of 120 acres. Estimates of family size are ~4-5/household. Given 16-20 people per 120 acres = (16 to 20) x 24 bu required = 384-480 bushels equiv.

How many acres did a medieval farmer have?

From Medieval Manors I learn that a single peasant farmer worked 20-40 acres of land, so let’s settle on 30 acres. From Google, I learn that 1 square mile is 640 acres, so that square mile that could support 180 people means about 21 peasant farmers worth of land in a square mile.

How big is the average family farm?

Today, the average farm size is 444 acres.

How many acres does it take to feed one person in medieval times?

How many people can a medieval farmer feed in mediocre conditions? According to Medieval Manors, a UK group dedicated to historical preservation of historical manors, one square mile of land could support about 180 persons. A single peasant household worked between 20-40 acres depending upon crop.

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How big was a medieval acre?

Depending on local conditions, this could be as little as 60 acres or as much as 180 acres (24-72 hectares). The hide was more or less standardized as 120 acres (48.6 hectares) after the Norman conquest of 1066.

How many animals were in a medieval farm?

Although medieval treatises about plowing often called for a team of eight horses or oxen, it seems that most peasants worked with four animals.

How many people can one farmer support?

Today, the average U.S. farmer feeds 155 people.

What did medieval farmers do in winter?

While winter was a time for rest, farms still required work. Peasants spread manure to fertilize their fields; they harvested cabbages and leaks; they planted new vines and pruned their older ones; they cut and pruned their trees.

How long did medieval farmers work?

Peasant in medieval England: eight hours a day, 150 days a year. Life was far from easy for peasants in England in the Middle Ages, but their lot did improve after the Black Death when available land and average wages increased.

How many acres is a good size farm?

According to the USDA, small family farms average 231 acres; large family farms average 1,421 acres and the very large farm average acreage is 2,086.

Do family farms still exist?

Our research found that family farms remain a key part of U.S. agriculture, making up 98% of all farms and providing 88% of production. Most farms are small family farms, and they operate almost half of U.S. farm land, while generating 21% of production. Large-scale farms produce the bulk of dairy.

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Is 2000 acres a big farm?

Yes, 2,000 acres is a substantial amount of land, but it’s the scale at which most grain farmers have to operate in order to make a living thanks to small profit margins. In some cases it’s possible to make a living growing grains with fewer acres, which is what I’m trying to do on my own farm.

How many can one acre feed?

US farming makes good use of people but inefficient use of farmland, it might feed 1–2 people per acre. In old China, well over 4 people could be fed per acre, including some meat. That’s because they used highly efficient, but labor intensive farming methods with 100% recycling, including human manure.

How much food would a medieval farmer produce?

Hay and other farmed forage yields about 4-5000lbs per acre per year. (cows, oxen, sheep, goats) Note pigs will also eat a lot of garbage reducing their needs, one of the reason they were considered poor people food.

What were medieval farmers called?

Most of the people living on the manor were peasant farmers or serfs who grew crops for themselves, and either labored for the lord and church or paid rent for their land.

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